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Gibbon on Julian – 13

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXIII Reign of Julian Part III In the midst of a rocky and barren country, the walls of Jerusalem enclosed the two mountains of Sion and Acra, within an oval figure of about three English miles. Towards the south, the upper town, and…

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Gibbon on Julian – 12

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXIII: Reign of Julian Part II The inclination of Julian might prefer the gods of Homer, and of the Scipios, to the new faith, which his uncle had established in the Roman empire; and in which he himself had been sanctified by the…

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Gibbon on Julian – 11

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXIII: Reign of Julian Part I The religion of Julian. Universal toleration. He attempts to restore and reform the pagan worship. To rebuild the temple of Jerusalem. His artful persecution of the Christians. Mutual zeal and injustice. The character of Apostate has injured…

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Gibbon on Julian – 10

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXII: Julian declared emperor Part IV The numerous army of spies, of agents, and informers enlisted by Constantius to secure the repose of one man, and to interrupt that of millions, was immediately disbanded by his generous successor. Julian was slow in his…

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Gibbon on Julian – 9

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXII: Julian Declared Emperor Part III Philosophy had instructed Julian to compare the advantages of action and retirement; but the elevation of his birth, and the accidents of his life, never allowed him the freedom of choice. He might perhaps sincerely have preferred…

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Gibbon on Julian – 8

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXII: Julian Declared Emperor Part II The ambassadors of Julian had been instructed to execute, with the utmost diligence, their important commission. But, in their passage through Italy and Illyricum, they were detained by the tedious and affected delays of the provincial governors;…

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Gibbon on Julian – 7

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXII After a painful conflict, Julian was compelled to acknowledge, that obedience was the virtue of the most eminent subject, and that the sovereign alone was entitled to judge of the public welfare. He issued the necessary orders for carrying into execution the…

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Gibbon on Julian – 6

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XXII While the Romans languished under the ignominious tyranny of eunuchs and bishops, the praises of Julian were repeated with transport in every part of the empire, except in the palace of Constantius. The barbarians of Germany had felt, and still dreaded, the…

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Gibbon on Julian – 5

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XIX: Part 4 The C├Žsar immediately sent his captives to the court of Constantius, who, accepting them as a valuable present, rejoiced in the opportunity of adding so many heroes to the choicest troops of his domestic guards. The obstinate resistance of this…

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Gibbon on Julian – 4

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Chapter XIX: Part 4 Under these melancholy circumstances, an unexperienced youth was appointed to save and to govern the provinces of Gaul, or rather, as he expressed it himself, to exhibit the vain image of Imperial greatness. The retired scholastic education of Julian, in…

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